Saturday, September 20, 2008

Rugby...KAMATE KAMATE!!! (all blacks haka)

The "Ka Mate" haka arose as a wily plan to defeat the aims of an enemy. Inspired by this, the All Blacks are believed to have first used the "Ka Mate" or "Te Rauparaha" haka in 1906. The origin of this haka dates to 1810 when chief Te Rauparaha of the Ngāti Toa iwi (clan or tribe) was being chased by enemies. In a cunning stratagem, he hid in a food-storage pit under the skirt of a woman. Because this was an unthinkable thing for a chief to do, Te Rauparaha thought he would be safe. He climbed out to find someone standing over him, who, instead of killing Te Rauparaha, turned out to be another chief friendly to Te Rauparaha. In relief Te Rauparaha performed a haka with the words (translated from Māori) —

I die, I die: I live, I live; this is the hairy man who enabled me to live as I climb up step by step toward sunlight.

These words are still used today. Te Rauparaha's escape from death is commemorated in the haka, which can be interpreted as 'a celebration of life over death' (Pōmare 2006).


The "Ka Mate" haka generally opens with a set of five preparatory instructions shouted by the leader, before the whole team joins in:

"Ka Mate"
Leader: Ringa pakia!
Slap the hands against the thighs!

Uma tiraha!
Puff out the chest!

Turi whatia!
Bend the knees!

Hope whai ake!
Let the hip follow!

Waewae takahia kia kino!
Stamp the feet as hard as you can!

Leader: Ka mate, ka mate
'I die, I die,
Team: Ka ora' Ka ora'
'I live, 'I live,
Leader: Ka mate, ka mate
'I die, 'I die
Team: Ka ora Ka ora "
'I live, 'I live,
All: Tēnei te tangata pūhuruhuru
This is the hairy man

Nāna i tiki mai whakawhiti te rā
...Who caused the sun to shine again for me

Upane... Upane
Up the ladder, Up the ladder

Upane Kaupane"
Up to the top

Whiti te rā,!
The sun shines!


This interpretation of the lyrics is open to debate.

"Tena Koe Kangaroo" 1903

Early in July 1903, when the New Zealand players were assembling in Wellington for their Australian tour, the Evening Post reported that... A unique souvenir has been by prepared for the New Zealand team by Mr C. Parata. It contains the following warcry

Tena koe, Kangaroo How do you do, Kangaroo!
Tupoto koe, Kangaroo! You look out, Kangaroo!
Niu Tireni tenei haere nei New Zealand is invading you
Au Au Aue a! Woe woe woe to you!

The Post's rugby correspondent later reported that the warcry was first practiced by the New Zealand team in mid-Tasman on Monday 13 July, and first performed "in response to several calls" at their official reception at Sydney on Thursday.

The New Zealanders played ten matches on the tour (won 10, lost 0, points for 276, points against 13). Presumably the warcry was performed before all their matches although a search in PapersPast ( only located its use on 29 July 1903 before the New Zealand v Metropolitan Union match at Sydney (Taranaki Herald, 30 July 1903).

"Ko Niu Tireni" 1924

The Invincibles performed this haka during their unbeaten 1924-1925 tour. It was written during their voyage to England by Wiremu Rangi of Gisborne, and polished up by Judge Acheson of the Native Land Court. It had two verses, but the second verse (Put a few of your famous teams on display, and let's play each other in friendship) was omitted in later matches.

[edit] First verse of Ko Niu Tireni, with a 1925 translation

Kia whakangawari au i a hau Let us prepare ouselves for the fray
I au-e! Hei! (The sound of being ready)
Ko Niu Tireni e haruru nei! The New Zealand storm is about to break
Au, Au, aue hā! Hei! (The sound of the imminent storm.)
Ko Niu Tireni e haruru nei! The New Zealand storm waxes fiercer
Au, Au, aue hā! Hei! (Sounds of The height of the storm.)
A ha-ha!
Ka tū te ihiihi We shall stand fearless
Ka tū te wanawana We shall stand exalted in spirit
Ki runga ki te rangi, We shall climb to the heavens
E tū iho nei, tū iho nei, hī! We shall attain the zenith the utmost heights.
Au! Au! Au!

Newspaper reports of early games spoke of the weird war cry of the visitors in response to the crowds' singing. Thus the fifth game at Swansea began with 40,000 waiting Welshmen singing Cwm Rhondda, Sospan Fach, Land of My Fathers and then God save the Queen, to which the All Blacks responded with a weird chant led by Nepia.

But as fame of their unbeaten status spread, so did the status of their haka. At the beginning of their 22nd game in Wales at Llanelly, we read

"On the appearance of the men in red, "Sosban Fach" was sung with great enthusiasm. Nepia then led the All Blacks in their famous war dance, which was very impressive. One could almost hear a pin drop while it was rendered. The crowd again sang 'Sosban Fach' in reply."

Source, The Triumphant Tour! : the All Blacks in England, Ireland and Wales, 1924-1925. This rugby treasure is mostly reprints of extensive newspaper reports of each match of the tour.

The haka in "Finnegans Wake"

Irish writer James Joyce heard this haka performed at the Invincibles' match at Paris in January 1925. He modified some of the words and used them in his word-play novel "Finnegans Wake."

Let us propel us for the frey of the fray! Us, us, beraddy!
Ko Niutirenis hauru leish! A lala!
Ko Niutirenis haururu laleish! Ala lala!
The Wullingthund sturm is breaking.
The sound of maormaoring
The Wellingthund sturm waxes fuercilier.
Finnegan's Wake, 2nd ed. 1950, Book II chap ii, page 335.

"Kapa o Pango" 2005

Before a Tri Nations match against South Africa on August 28, 2005 at Carisbrook in Dunedin, the All Blacks unexpectedly introduced a new haka, "Kapa o Pango". It featured an extended and aggressive introduction by team captain Tana Umaga and was highlighted by its more aggressive climax, a drawing of the thumb down the throat. This was interpreted by many as a "throat-slitting" action directed at the opposing team. The All Blacks went on to win the match 31 to 27.

The words to "Kapa o Pango" are more specific to the rugby team than "Ka Mate", referring to the warriors in black and the silver fern. [1]

The new haka was developed by Derek Lardelli of Ngāti Porou by modifying the first verse of "Ko Niu Tirini," the haka used by the 1924 All Blacks. An NZRU press release stated that

Kapa o Pango has been over a year in the making, and was created in consultation with many experts in Māori culture. It will serve as a complement to "Ka Mate" rather than a replacement, to be used for 'special occasions'.

However, the NZRU failed to acknowledge their debt to the creativity and mana of members of the 1924 Invincibles, and the high status that the Invincibles' haka had attained by the end of 1925 was damaged by the public-relations disaster during the haka's 2005 re-incarnarnaion.

The All Blacks opted not to perform "Kapa o Pango" in their opening test of 2006 against Ireland. It was requested that they perform their usual Ka Mate haka while a review was conducted into "Kapa o Pango". The throat-slitting action at the end of "Kapa o Pango" had drawn many complaints in the lead-up to the Irish test, with members of the public complaining about it to the NZRU. The NZRU said that it was not because of public pressure that it was not performed against Ireland.[2]

In the run-up to the first All Blacks Test of the 2006 Tri Nations at Jade Stadium in Christchurch against Australia, the NZRU completed their review, and concluded that the gesture had a radically different meaning within Māori culture and haka traditions, indicating the drawing of "hauora", the breath of life into the heart and lungs. [3] And so "Kapa o Pango" was performed, complete with the final gesture, before the Australia test.

Despite this, the controversial gesture was withdrawn in 2007, with a modified action (raking the right arm from the left hip to over the right shoulder) performed in the challenge when "Kapa o Pango" was performed in test matches against France and South Africa. During the 2008 Tri Nations series, the All Blacks appear to have reverted to the original action of drawing the hand across the throat.

Published words and the NZRU explanation

"Kapa o Pango"
Kapa o Pango kia whakawhenua au i ahau! All Blacks, let me become one with the land
Hī aue, hī!
Ko Aotearoa e ngunguru nei! This is our land that rumbles
Au, au, aue hā! It’s my time! It’s my moment!
Ko Kapa o Pango e ngunguru nei! This defines us as the All Blacks
Au, au, aue hā! It’s my time! It’s my moment!
I āhahā!
Ka tū te ihiihi Our dominance
Ka tū te wanawana Our supremacy will triumph
Ki runga ki te rangi e tū iho nei, tū iho nei, hī! And be placed on high
Ponga rā! Silver fern!
Kapa o Pango, aue hī! All Blacks!
Ponga rā! Silver fern!
Kapa o Pango, aue hī, hā! All Blacks!

Words chanted on field, and their literal interpretation

Taringa whakarongo! Let your ears listen
Kia rite! Kia rite! Kia mau! Hī! Get ready...! Line up...! Steady...! Yeah!
Kia whakawhenua au i ahau! Let me become one with the land
Hī aue, hī! (assertive sounds to raise adrenaline levels)
Ko Aotearoa e ngunguru nei! New Zealand is rumbling here
Ko Kapa o Pango e ngunguru nei! The Team in Black is rumbling here
Au, au, aue hā!
I āhahā!
Ka tū te ihiihi Stand up to the fear
Ka tū te wanawana Stand up to the terror
Ki runga ki te rangi, To the sky above,!
E tū iho nei, tū iho nei, hī! Fight up there, high up there. Yeah!
Ponga rā! The shadows fall!
Kapa o Pango, aue hī! Team in Black, yeah!
Ponga rā! Darkness falls!
Kapa o Pango, aue hī, hā! Team in Black, Yeah, Ha!

The words of both 'Kapa o Pango' and 'Ko Niu Tireni' are taken from the haka of the earthquake god Ruaumoko, Ko Ruaumoko e ngunguru nei. The lines beginning Ka tū te ihi-ihi... are found in many old haka.Ponga ra, ponga ra is the opening line of 'Te Kiri Ngutu,' an 1880s lament for stolen territory.


Haka prior to a game against Portugal in Lyon, France.
Haka prior to a game against Portugal in Lyon, France.

The haka, whilst normally enjoyed by spectators, has been criticised as an unsporting attempt to intimidate the opposition before the match begins. However, most teams accept that the Haka is a legitimate part of Rugby's Heritage and face up to the All Blacks during its performance, with both teams standing about 10 metres apart. The 2007 Portuguese Rugby team Captain Vasco Uva said of the Haka that "[We] faced it, gave it the respect it deserved and it gave us motivation and we knew if it gave them strength, it was also a point of strength for us." [5]

Ignoring the Haka is a tactic sometimes used by opposing teams. Famously, the Australian rugby team did a warm up drill well away from the All Blacks during their 1996 Test Match in Wellington, and were beaten by a record score. More recently, the Italian rugby team ignored the Haka during a 2007 World Cup Pool Match, and the All Blacks then went on to beat them by a larger than expected score. All Black hooker, Keven Mealamu, said later that the snub had backfired and provided motivation to his team.[6]

In 1997, Richard Cockerill was disciplined for responding to the haka before the start of an England vs All Blacks game. Cockerill went toe-to-toe with his opposite number Norm Hewitt while they performed the Haka. The Referee became so concerned that Hewitt and Cockerill would begin fighting that he pushed Cockerill away from Hewitt. Cockerill went onto say afterwards "I believe that I did the right thing that day," he said. "They were throwing down a challenge and I showed them I was ready to accept it. I'm sure they would rather we did that than walk away."[7]

At the 1999 Bledisloe Cup match at Telstra Stadium, Sydney, 107,000 voices sang Waltzing Matilda as a response to the New Zealand haka. The Australian players responded by delivering New Zealand a record 28-7 defeat culminating in the cup being retained by Australia.

In 2005, the All Blacks agreed to a request from the Welsh Rugby Union to repeat the sequence of events from the original match a century before in 1905. This involved the All Blacks performing the haka after "God Defend New Zealand" and before "Hen Wlad fy Nhadau". For the November 2006 test, the WRU demanded a repeat of this sequence. The All Blacks refused, and instead chose to perform the haka in their changing room before the match.[8] All Blacks captain Richie McCaw defended the decision by stating that the haka was "integral to New Zealand culture and the All Blacks' heritage" and "if the other team wants to mess around, we'll just do the haka in the shed".[9] The crowd reacted negatively to the lack of the haka and then being shown brief footage of the haka on the screens at the Millennium Stadium.[10]

In the 2007 Rugby World Cup quarter-finals, France, after having won the coin toss for the choice of uniforms, famously wore the blue/white/red of the French flag and walked up to within a metre of the Haka performance, forming a line of opposition to the performance by the All-Blacks, who were wearing a predominantly silver uniform (as opposed to the traditional all black). France went on to defeat the All-Blacks 20-18.

The high-profile of the All Blacks, and their use of the haka has led to other Pacific teams to use similar dances from their own cultures, such as the Cibi, Kailao, and Siva tau. Other teams from the Pacific and elsewhere however have performed the Ka Mate or Kapa O Pango haka; something generally felt to be inappropriate at best. For instance, the "Kapa O Pango" haka was used by the University of Hawaii Warriors in 2006, before they created their own war dance, the "Haʻa", in the Hawaiian language with original movements.

Sunday, September 7, 2008

The CHRONOLOGY of my hOLidAy...16/8/08 till 23/8/08...

16/8/08 the beginning of the journey...

-woke up at 8.00 a.m
-getting all my stuffs
-gathered in front of the cafe...there were 6 of us (cad,diana,jes,nick,peter n me)..
-we walked to the bus front of the UMP main headquarters..
-reached there by 9.00 am(maybe..)
-waited for 1 1/2 hours..the bus arrived on 10.30 am..we were using MARA Liner..
*really nice travelling coach, comfortable, spacious..
*MARA Liner is the best!
-about 1.00+pm...reached puduraya terminal...
-boarded off the bus....met with our old friend..carlson..(bro..thnx for ur help, if not, i probably got lost in K.L)
-i separated from my friends at the plaza rakyat LRT station...went on my own journey..
-took LRT from plaza rkyat to hang tuah, transit using monorail from hang tuah to bukit nanas....reached there, took a walk, went down to the dang wangi station...took another train to KLCC...where i reunited with my family...
-actually my family came here coz my father was going to receive a some sort of long-service award..he worked with petronas since 1983...
-here's the picture of them...without that time, i am still waiting at the entrance of KLCC...he2..

my family at the KLCC(38th floor)

-then, we went back together to the hotel they were staying at that time...near the KLCC...the TRADERS HOTEL...
-at that particular evening, we went to the AQUARIA...some kind of aquatic lifes exhbition...took a lot of pics there... this is one of them...he2..

me at the aquaria

-got really tired after a long journey reuniting with my famly..
-slept really well that night...

17/8/08 the second day..

-woke up around 9 mother woke me up..he2
-we had our breakfast in the hotel room…KFC…
-after breakfast, we are getting ready to go to Sunway Lagoon…
-my little brother felt really excited that time as it was his first time to go there..:-)
-well, we arrived there almost afternoon..
-my father bought for us the tickets to enter Sunway Lagoon..
-then, my father n my small brother went to the changing room to change clothes..
-while my mum n my sis took a stroll around that place..
-and me, I sat on a stool just beside a small bar..listening to music…watching other people…”cuci mata”…he2..:-P..

pictures taken at sunway lagoon

-we finished everything around 3.30 pm…
-we went out of the theme park…we moved on to the sunway pyramid…things had changed since the first I went here in the year 1998..whoaaa..1o years agoo!
-we took a taxi to the loWyaT plaza from sunway pyramid…
-reached there almost 5++, I think..
-surveyed for new phone there…one phone caught my 6120 classic…
-we went for makan2 at Chinese stalls right in front of the plaza..
-went back to hotel..
-got exhausted of the trip…but HAPPY!
-my parents prepared themselves to present at the LONG-SERVICE AWARD CEREMONY…my father received that award for long-term service with PETRONAS….since 1985..
-while my siblings stayed in the hotel room..watching movies…waiting for them..
-second day finisheddd…zzzzzzzzzZZZ

18/8/08 the third day..

-woke up that morning..
-we packed up all of our stuffs..getting ready to check out of the TRADERS HOTEL..
-there are two things that I really like about this hotel, the TRADERS HOTEL,
= really3 fast internet broadband service for FREE
= the night view is very fantastic…glowing twin towers right in front of your room hotel…(if your room is opposite the towers)

taken from hotel room(Traders Hotel)

-we went to puduraya terminal bus…bought ourselves tickets to MELAKA..which trip…MELAKA!!!
-our bus began the journey on 10.30 am…
-reached MELAKA in the afternoon…
-took a taxi to MAHKOTA HOTEL…

-checked in..a small apartment..nice..juz nice…
-then, we went out again…took a walk to the town of MELAKA…
-we passed by a big cafeteria..a lot of Chinese and Malay food stalls there…
-then, we went on..
-suddenly, I didn’t feel really well since we arrived Melaka that day…probably due to the long journey..
-I asked for the apartment key from my mum…
-I brought along my small brother back to the apartment…
-reached there…treat myself with two Panadols…while my brother watched TV…I straightly went back to bed and dozed off..
-by the time my family arrived back to the apartment…they brought back a lot of food..
-I ate with them..two rounds of kuey teow… really hungry bah…
-then..i took a bath..and get ready to sleep…
-end of the third dayyyy…

19/8/08 the fourth day…

-woke up in the usual…
-we had our breakfast at the hotel’s cafeteria..
-then, we started our journey to a park located beside the MAHKOTA PARADE..(some kind of shopping mall..i think..)
-there are a big, old plane ; an old fire engine and a part of an old locomotive…nice view though….

-then, we went into a museum..which is called MUSEUM of ENDURING BEAUTY…
-a lot of cultures exhibition that we can learn and see here..
-kind of educative too..

-then we walked on…we passed by this museum..MUSEUM of STAMPS…what can I say about this place….hmmmmm…well…LOTS N LOTS OF STAMPS!
-finally, we reached the the old, historical…A FAMOSA FORT..face to face with it..
-it doesn’t feel the same as noticing it as a picture in a history textbook…
-took pictures there as remembrances...
-then, we took the stairs just behind the fort to reach the old ST PAUL’S CHURCH..
-really2 historical view…it is a good thing for us to treasure old remains of history…really appreciate those who did this for us before..TQ!
-then, we went down…I found myself a bench and sat down there..relaxed for a while..
-my family took a trishaw..beautiful, decorated trishaw with woofers! WOW!
-we stopped at the CHRIST CHURCH OF MELAKA…what a nice vieww!..
-we sat down near the fountain…I went on to search through the souvenir stores available there…
-it really surprised me…there are a lot of things sold here…you will not regret anything if you buy souvenirs in MELAKA…

-after that, we went to the maritime muzeum..

-i like the maritime muzeum which displays a lot of navy weapons...he2..i love big guns..
-then, we decided to went back to the hotel…
-before that, we stopped by at the cafeterias…makan2 first…
-we reached our room..

-I played my guitar…the view at the balcony was very beautiful that night..
-end of the fourth day…

20/8/08 the fifth day…

-we packed up everything…we were going to check out from the hotel in the afternoon..
-we went to the bus terminal…
-took a bus back to K.L…
-reached K.L….took a taxi to TUNE HOTEL..
-the first taxi brought us to the wrong hotel…so..RM40 just burned like that…
-my advice is...’don’t trust taxi drivers 100% especially in big cities’..otherwise..the driver will scrap away your money easily! So, BE CAREFUL!
-then, we took another taxi…this time he took us to the right place..
-got really unfortunate that time because we got stuck in traffic jams…damn..FOR HOURS!
-got really exhausted when we had arrived at the TUNE HOTEL…
-we settled our checking-in deals at the lobby…
-room 205 and 206…
-what can I say about this hotel….
· budget hotel
· located at chow kit area
· small rooms but quite comfortable though..
· all things are prepaid-mode style…what I mean is…(if you want to use the air-conditioner, you need to pay for 24 hours only..)
· no dressing table..
· towels and wireless internet connection had to be paid too if you want to use them..
· well…again….IT IS A BUDGET HOTEL…RM48 per night..
-then,we went out again to find a restaurant for dinner..
-after that, we went straight back to the hotel..
-end of the fifth day…

21/8/08..the sixth day

-woke up that morning..
-prepared ourselves for a journey to GENTING HIGHLANDS…
-took an LRT…from medan hang tuah..from hang tuah to plaza rakyat..
-bought bus tickets to genting that morning…there was a lot of people at PUDURAYA BUS TERMINAL..
-the journey began…
-arrived at the GENTING HIGHLANDS that morning…took a cable car to go to the main place..the longest cable car trip in southeast asia…
-it gets really cold once you reached the top..

-we went through the FIRST WORLD PLAZA trying to find our way to the theme park..
-we reached the theme and bought entry tickets..
-we went in the theme park! J
-I took some pictures there (really nice view)
-my sister and I decided to walk on our own while my parents stayed with my younger brother..
-we watched a street performance by a clown and a mime…kind of funny…he2…
-I spotted a clown and took picture of him…but I forgot to take picture WITH HIM..silly me…:-P
-we went to the roller coaster ride…but unfortunately…I felt droplets of rain falling from the sky…the ride stopped when it reached exactly to my turn…got really FRUSTRATED that time..
-so we went to the spot where there was a LONDON DOUBLE DECKER BUS and telephone booths which look the same as ones in London..
-took pictures of them…thenn…the rain started to fall…heavily….
-I decided to go back to the place where there were a lot of arcade games…
-spent RM50 there…*ouch*..never won any of the games…just having fun playing…he2
-then, I went to the INDOOR THEME PARK at THE FIRST WORLD PLAZA..treat myself a CURRY LAKSA MEE for lunch…
-after lunch..i took a walk around that place…
-I saw a group of Chinese artists at some kind of arts exhibition..
-one of them really amused me…he had the skills of sketching and drawing…well…at that time, I saw him drawing a portrait of an Indian couple…LIVE…*salute*
-I continued my journey and checked out the SNOW WORLD…niceee…I saw a lot of people inside..enjoying themselves..
-well, I’m not in the mood that I decided not to go there…mybe next time..
-then, I received a phone call from my mum..
-we reunited again at the arcade games…
-my small brother played a few games there and I spotted an arcade game that attracted me that time…
-it was a machine that measure how heavy is your KG’s..only 3 tries are given for each gameplay…
-well..I tried it..and got 510,500,500 for the first try…he2..second try…510,490,500…not badd…
-the bad news was..i was slightly injured on my right wrist..he2…NO PAIN, NO GAIN..righttt!
-then…we went back to kL and stopped by at the LOWYAT plaza..
-this time, my father and I agreed to buy the new that I had surveyed 6120 classic….
-RM 700+…together with micro sd card of 2GB..
-then, we bought an external hard disk with the capacity of 160 GB for RM200 only…which I am now using to store precious pictures took using my camera…
-after that, we had our dinner before heading straight back to the hotel…
-the end of sixth day…

22/8/08…the seventh day..

-woke up late that morning..
-that day, my family decided to go to the ZOO NEGARA…
-again, my younger brother felt really3 EXCITED..first time loo..
-we reached there and went in the zoo…my other family members took the vehicle prepared to cruise around the zoo…
-while for myself, I prefer to go around the zoo on foot…
-I still remember this was in the year of 1998…I fed a sugar cane to an elephant there….i wonder if the elephant that I saw now was the same as the one I fed 10 years ago..hmmmm…
-well, I took a lot of pictures there…I saw a lot of animals there…giraffes,elephants,tigers,lions,deers, etc….
-then suddenly, again, the rain started to fall..
-got no choice but ran back to the first place I was before…
-then, we took a taxi to PUTRAJAYA…
-for all of us, it was the first time to go there…to see where our PM and other ministers work…
-the scenery there was really2 amazing…beautifull!
-we took pictures there..for remembrance that we had set our foot on the grounds of PUTRAJAYA…
-then, we went back to our hotel…which took hours because we were caught in the traffic jam…
-we reached the hotel around 8 pm…
-end of seventh day…

23/8/08 the eighth day..

-woke up in the morning…
-it’s time to go back to UMP..:-(
-my mum gave me her advices…
-then, my father accompanied me to the railstation..
-he gave me advices and encouragements…THANKS DAD…THANKS MOM…
-then, I’m on my own…
-again, from the medan tuanku station…to hang tuah…from hang tuah to plaza rakyat…
-my bus was scheduled to leave KL for KUANTAN on 10.30 am..
-while my family went back to BINTULU on 1.45 pm in the afternoon on that same day…
-I reached UMP in the afternoon….the bus dropped me at the entrance…fortunately…I have 2 friends.. J..helped me with luggages…THANKS CAD N JEZ!
-my family arrived at BINTULU AIRPORT safe n sound around 3 pm….
-end of the eighth day…..FINAL DAY!